Friday, February 12, 2010

Psalm 119 - Part 16 Grammar

עָשִׂיתִי מִשְׁפָּט וָצֶדֶק
בַּל תַּנִּיחֵנִי לְעֹשְׁקָי

I have dealt judgment and righteousness
do not leave me to those oppressing me
עֲרֹב עַבְדְּךָ לְטוֹב
אַל יַעַשְׁקֻנִי זֵדִים

Insure your servant for good
the proud will not oppress me
עֵינַי כָּלוּ לִישׁוּעָתֶךָ
וּלְאִמְרַת צִדְקֶךָ

I - I - my eyes - faint for your salvation
and for the promise of your righteousness
עֲשֵׂה עִם עַבְדְּךָ כְחַסְדֶּךָ
וְחֻקֶּיךָ לַמְּדֵנִי

I ask you to deal with your servant according to your mercy
and teach me your statutes
עַבְדְּךָ אָנִי הֲבִינֵנִי
וְאֵדְעָה עֵדֹתֶיךָ

I am your servant, let me understand
that I may know your testimonies
עֵת לַעֲשׂוֹת לַיהוָה
הֵפֵרוּ תּוֹרָתֶךָ

It is time for dealing - for יְהוָה
they have frustrated your teaching
עַל כֵּן אָהַבְתִּי מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ
מִזָּהָב וּמִפָּז

I have loved your commandments therefore
above gold and fine gold
עַל כֵּן כָּל פִּקּוּדֵי כֹל יִשָּׁרְתִּי
כָּל אֹרַח שֶׁקֶר שָׂנֵאתִי

Indeed all your precepts - all - I find agreeable
every path of deceit I hate

While following Hebrew word order is sometimes slavish - and I do not always do it, the reversal of predicate and subject in English poetry is common. So I do delay the subject as Hebrew does, especially when I am reading parallels. Slow down to read. This is a bumpy road with many flowers by the wayside, not to mention several ditches. Here is where we deal.

Details - Google has made table processing very difficult. Software changes have been made to their online editor without testing. There are many bugs in it. So the following legal but uneditable table is left without comments. Still it is a good exercise to check word by word for grammar or my idiosyncratic renderings.
`asytyעָשִׂיתִיI have dealt
vacedeqוָצֶדֶקand righteousness
bàl tànyxényבַּל תַּנִּיחֵנִיdo not leave me
l`oshqayלְעֹשְׁקָיto those oppressing me
`àbdkaעַבְדְּךָyour servant
l+vobלְטוֹבfor good
)àl yà`àshqunyאַל יַעַשְׁקֻנִיnot will they oppress me
zédymזֵדִיםthe proud
`éynàyעֵינַיIyiyi - my eyes
lyshvu`atekaלִישׁוּעָתֶךָfor your salvation
vul)imràtוּלְאִמְרַתand for the promise of
cidqkaצִדְקֶךָyour righteousness
`aséhעֲשֵׂהI ask you to deal
`im `àbdkaעִם עַבְדְּךָwith your servant
kxàsdekaכְחַסְדֶּךָaccording to your mercy
vxuqeykaוְחֻקֶּיךָand your statutes
làmdényלַמְּדֵנִיteach me
`àbdka )anyעַבְדְּךָ אָנִיI am your servant
habynényהֲבִינֵנִיhave me understand
v)éd`ahוְאֵדְעָהthat I may know
`édoteykaעֵדֹתֶיךָyour testimonies
`étעֵתIt is time
là`asvotלַעֲשׂוֹתfor dealing
là-yyלַיהוָהfor יהוָהI find this ambiguous - does the repeated preposition mean for the Lord to work or for the individual / community to work for the Lord? Deal of course is my play for this part.
hépérvuהֵפֵרוּthey have frustrated
tvoratekaתּוֹרָתֶךָyour teaching
`àl kénעַל כֵּןtherefore
)ahàbtyאָהַבְתִּיI have loved
micvoteykaמִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָyour commandments
mizahabמִזָּהָבabove gold
vumipazוּמִפָּזand fine gold
`àl kénעַל כֵּןindeed
kal piqvudéyכָּל פִּקּוּדֵיall your precepts
yishartyיִשָּׁרְתִּיI find agreeable
kal )oràxכָּל אֹרַחevery path of
sané)tyשָׂנֵאתִיI hate

Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Psalm 119 - Part 15 Grammar

סֵעֲפִים שָׂנֵאתִי
וְתוֹרָתְךָ אָהָבְתִּי

Schismatics I hate
and I have loved your teaching
סִתְרִי וּמָגִנִּי אָתָּה
לִדְבָרְךָ יִחָלְתִּי

Secret mine and my shield are you
in your word have I hoped
סוּרוּ מִמֶּנִּי מְרֵעִים
וְאֶצְּרָה מִצְו‍ֹת אֱלֹהָי

Separate from me, you evildoers
for I will observe the commandments of my God
סָמְכֵנִי כְאִמְרָתְךָ וְאֶחְיֶה
וְאַל תְּבִישֵׁנִי מִשִּׂבְרִי

Support me according to your promise so I will live
let me not be ashamed of my expectation
סְעָדֵנִי וְאִוָּשֵׁעָה
וְאֶשְׁעָה בְחֻקֶּיךָ תָמִיד

Sustain me and I will be saved
and I will look to your statutes continually
סָלִיתָ כָּל שׁוֹגִים מֵחֻקֶּיךָ
כִּי שֶׁקֶר תַּרְמִיתָם
Suspended have you all who stray from your statutes
for falsehood is their deceit
סִגִים הִשְׁבַּתָּ כָל רִשְׁעֵי אָרֶץ
לָכֵן אָהַבְתִּי עֵדֹתֶיךָ

Swill you stilled of all the wicked of the earth
therefore I have loved your testimonies
סָמַר מִפַּחְדְּךָ בְשָׂרִי
וּמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָ יָרֵאתִי

Shivers from your dread my flesh
and from your judgments I fear

After the fear of part 14, this section asks for a strengthening. (Schismatics eh? and shiver me timbers! Swill - some love of enemies - but note how the wicked are stilled as in Psalm 8 and 46. It is Shabbat. Imagine the closing of Bach's St John Passion.) My greening of the grammar letters has not failed me yet. I think this is a valuable pedagogical tool. Below I summarize them instead of the usual annotation. I think only 'he' is missing - seconded as umpire perhaps - in a grammatical usage here (definite, interrogative, or feminine).
sé`apymסֵעֲפִיםschismaticsmasculine plural shown by yod and mem
sané)tyשָׂנֵאתִיI hatetaf and yod form first person qal suffix
vtvoratkaוְתוֹרָתְךָand your instructionvav as connector and taf and kaf with the attached equivalent to construct form and with second person pronoun
)ahabtyאָהָבְתִּיI have lovedtaf and yod form first person qal suffix (aleph is part of the root)
sitryסִתְרִיsecret mineyod as mine
vumaginyוּמָגִנִּיand my shieldvav connects, yod as my
)atahאָתָּהare youtake it or leave it - they are a standalone pronoun which I did not include in the grammatical forms (though one could if het is allowed one entrance)
lidbarkaלִדְבָרְךָin your wordlamed as preposition, kaf as pronoun
yixaltyיִחָלְתִּיI have hopedtaf and yod form first person qal suffix
svurvu mimenyסוּרוּ מִמֶּנִּיseparate from mesecond person plural vav (imperative) and mem (mn with nunnated n) and object connector n and me yod
mré`ymמְרֵעִיםevil doersyod and mem as plural - also possible mem as forming a noun from evil
v)ecrahוְאֶצְּרָהfor I will observevav connector and aleph as first perosn imperative
micvotמִצְו‍ֹתthe commandments oftaf forming feminine plural lacking vav due to vav in root
)elohayאֱלֹהָיmy Godyod as my
samkényסָמְכֵנִיsupport menun connecting yod as object pronoun of verb
k)imratkaכְאִמְרָתְךָaccording to your promisekaf as preposition, taf as similar to construct form, kaf as pronoun
v)exyehוְאֶחְיֶהso I will livevav connecting, aleph as first person imperfect (future)
v)àl tbyshényוְאַל תְּבִישֵׁנִיlet me not be ashamed ofvav and negative particle taf as imperfect prefix, nun softening the connection and yod as following pronoun object
misibryמִשִּׂבְרִיmy expectationmem forming noun, yod as my
s`adényסְעָדֵנִיsustain menun and yod as usual in object formation
v)ivuashé`ahוְאִוָּשֵׁעָהand I will be savedvav and aleph, + vav as helper (yod disappeared)
v)esh`ahוְאֶשְׁעָהand I will lookvav and aleph - salvation gives sight
bxuqeykaבְחֻקֶּיךָto your statutesbet as preposition, yod plural truncated by pronoun kaf
tamydתָמִידcontinuallyall consonants!
salytaסָלִיתָsuspended have youtaf as second person subject
kal shvogymכָּל שׁוֹגִיםall who strayyod and mem as plural
méxuqeykaמֵחֻקֶּיךָfrom your statutesmem as preposition, yod plural truncated by pronoun kaf
ky sheqrכִּי שֶׁקֶרfor falsehood isall consonants
tàrmytamתַּרְמִיתָםtheir deceittaf forming noun, plural yod truncated by pronoun their taf+mem
sigym hishbàtaסִגִים הִשְׁבַּתָּswill you eradicatedyod and mem plural, taf as second person singular subject
kal rish`éy )arecכָל רִשְׁעֵי אָרֶץall the wicked of the earthyod as truncated plural in construct
lakénלָכֵןthereforeall consonants
)ahàbtyאָהַבְתִּיI have lovedtaf and yod as first person singular perfect
`édoteykaעֵדֹתֶיךָyour testimoniesyod plural truncated by pronoun
samàrסָמַרshiversall consonants - simplest form of root - 3rd person singular qal
mipàxdkaמִפַּחְדְּךָfrom your dreadmem and kaf as usual
bsaryבְשָׂרִיmy fleshyod my
vumimishpa+eykaוּמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָand from your judgmentsvav connector and mem as preposition and plural truncated by pronoun kaf
yaré)tyיָרֵאתִיI feartaf and yod again as first person singular

Psalm 119 - Part 14 Grammar

נֵר לְרַגְלִי דְבָרֶךָ
וְאוֹר לִנְתִיבָתִי
Nigh, a lamp to my feet, is your word
and light to my path
נִשְׁבַּעְתִּי וָאֲקַיֵּמָה
לִשְׁמֹר מִשְׁפְּטֵי צִדְקֶךָ
Now I have sworn and I will do it
to guard the judgments of your righteousness
נַעֲנֵיתִי עַד מְאֹד יְהוָה
חַיֵּנִי כִדְבָרֶךָ
Near to much trouble am I, יְהוָה
give me life by your word
נִדְבוֹת פִּי רְצֵה נָא יְהוָה
וּמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ לַמְּדֵנִי
Now please accept, יְהוָה, the gifts of my mouth
and teach me your judgments
נַפְשִׁי בְכַפִּי תָמִיד וְתוֹרָתְךָ
לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי
Note my being is in my hand continually
and I have not forgotten your teaching
נָתְנוּ רְשָׁעִים פַּח לִי
וּמִפִּקּוּדֶיךָ לֹא תָעִיתִי
Netted the wicked a snare for me
but I did not depart from your precepts -
נָחַלְתִּי עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ לְעוֹלָם
כִּי שְׂשׂוֹן לִבִּי הֵמָּה
No! I have acquired your testimonies for ever
for they are the rejoicing of my heart
נָטִיתִי לִבִּי לַעֲשׂוֹת חֻקֶּיךָ
 לְעוֹלָם עֵקֶב
Nuanced have I my heart in doing your statutes
for ever with foot firmly planted
The fifth verse underlines our danger. We are in our own hands. We have a real responsibility, and though we do not forget, we do not always do.But when we do - is it as in the last phrase to the purpose of the command? I hope so - I think the only command is to engage by faith this invitation to life.


nér lràglyנֵר לְרַגְלִיa lamp to my feet
nigh is added for the n
dbarekaדְבָרֶךָyour word
v)vorוְאוֹרand lightlight or a light
lintybatyלִנְתִיבָתִיto my path
nishbà`tyנִשְׁבַּעְתִּיnow I have swornniphal as might be expected in this poem
va)aqàyémahוָאֲקַיֵּמָהand I will do itpiel (dagesh in yod! yod is not part of the root!) imperfect
lishmorלִשְׁמֹרto guardqal infinitive
mishp+éyמִשְׁפְּטֵיthe judgments of
cidqkaצִדְקֶךָyour righteousness
nà`anéytyנַעֲנֵיתִיnear to trouble am Iniphal perfect again
`àd m)odעַד מְאֹדmuch
yyיְהוָהO LORD
xàyényחַיֵּנִיgive me lifepiel (dagesh in yod)
kidbarekaכִדְבָרֶךָaccording to your word
nidbvotנִדְבוֹתNow the gifts ofsingular of this noun is formed by appending a 'he' to the verb
py rcéh na)פִּי רְצֵה נָאmy mouth please acceptqal imperative
yyיְהוָהO LORD
vumishpa+eykaוּמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָand your judgments
làmdényלַמְּדֵנִיteach mepiel (dagesh in mem) + pronoun as object
nàpshyנַפְשִׁיmy being
bkàpyבְכַפִּיin my hand
vtvoratkaוְתוֹרָתְךָand your instruction
shakaxtyשָׁכָחְתִּיhave I forgottenqal perfect
natnvuנָתְנוּnettedqal perfect
rsha`ymרְשָׁעִיםthe wicked
pàx lyפַּח לִיa snare for me
vumipiqvudeykaוּמִפִּקּוּדֶיךָbut from your precepts
ta`ytyתָעִיתִיdid I departqal perfect
naxàltyנָחַלְתִּיI have acquiredqal perfect - the No reflects the prior line in the poem - needed the n
`édvoteykaעֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָyour testimonies
l`volamלְעוֹלָםfor ever
ky ssvonכִּי שְׂשׂוֹןfor the rejoicing of
libyלִבִּיmy heart
hémahהֵמָּהare they
na+ytyנָטִיתִיnuanced have Iqal perfect - nuanced eh?
libyלִבִּיmy heart
là`asvotלַעֲשׂוֹתin doingqal infinitive
xuqeykaחֻקֶּיךָyour statutes
l`volamלְעוֹלָםfor ever
`éqbעֵקֶבwith foot firmly plantedsee 119:33 - play on Jacob

Saturday, February 06, 2010

Psalm 119 - Part 13 Grammar

מָה אָהַבְתִּי תוֹרָתֶךָ
כָּל הַיּוֹם הִיא שִׂיחָתִי
My - how I love your teaching
every day it is my meditation
מֵאֹיְבַי תְּחַכְּמֵנִי מִצְו‍ֹתֶךָ
כִּי לְעוֹלָם הִיא לִי
Me you make wiser than my enemies by your commandments
for they for ever are mine
מִכָּל מְלַמְּדַי הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי
כִּי עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ שִׂיחָה לִי
Midst all my teachers I have insight
for your testimonies are my meditation
מִזְּקֵנִים אֶתְבּוֹנָן
כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ נָצָרְתִּי
More than the aged I have diligence
for I have observed your precepts
מִכָּל אֹרַח רָע כָּלִאתִי רַגְלָי
לְמַעַן אֶשְׁמֹר דְּבָרֶךָ
Missing every path of evil I have restrained my feet
so that I will keep your word
מִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָ לֹא סָרְתִּי
כִּי אַתָּה הוֹרֵתָנִי
Mid your judgments I have not turned aside
for you have taught me
מַה נִּמְלְצוּ לְחִכִּי
אִמְרָתֶךָ מִדְּבַשׁ לְפִי
More than sweet are they to my palate
your promise as honey to my mouth
מִפִּקּוּדֶיךָ אֶתְבּוֹנָן
עַל כֵּן שָׂנֵאתִי כָּל אֹרַח שָׁקֶר
Minding your precepts I have diligence
therefore I have hated every path of a lie
Can you really believe 'it is my meditation every day'? If you can then you are onto the way that will not disappoint  you. Meditation, diligence and path are noted here particularly. The result is an unspeakable sweetness as noted in the 7th verse of this part.

mah )ahàbtyמָה אָהַבְתִּיMy - how I lovefirst person singular qal perfect
tvoratekaתוֹרָתֶךָyour instruction
kal hàyvomכָּל הַיּוֹםall the day
hy)הִיאit is
syxatyשִׂיחָתִיmy meditation
mé)oybàyמֵאֹיְבַיthan my enemies bymem as comparative, with qal participle
txàkményתְּחַכְּמֵנִיme you make wiser second person singular piel imperfect with first person pronoun as object
micvotekaמִצְו‍ֹתֶךָyour commandments
l`volamלְעוֹלָםin all timeor for ever
hy) lyהִיא לִיthey are mineI think 'with' me is weak
mikal mlàmdàyמִכָּל מְלַמְּדַיMidst all my teachers preposition+adjective + piel participle
hiskàltyהִשְׂכַּלְתִּיI have insightfirst person singular hiphil perfect
`édvoteykaעֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָyour testimonies
syxah lyשִׂיחָה לִיare meditation to memeditation - I am thinking that mem and taf as prefixes and 'he' as suffix can all form nouns from verbs
mizqénymמִזְּקֵנִיםmore than the agedcomparative mem used frequently as expected in this part of the psalm
)etbvonanאֶתְבּוֹנָןI have diligencehithpolel imperfect - repeats in the psalm - I could just use 'understanding' as gloss (cf Proverbs 8)
piqvudeykaפִקּוּדֶיךָyour precepts
nacartyנָצָרְתִּיI have observedfirst person singular qal perfect
mikal )oràxמִכָּל אֹרַחmissing every path of
kali)tyכָּלִאתִיI have restrainedfirst person singular qal perfect
ràglayרַגְלָיmy feet
lmà`ànלְמַעַןso that
)eshmorאֶשְׁמֹרI will keepfirst person singular qal imperfect
dbarekaדְּבָרֶךָyour word
mimishpa+eykaמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָmid your judgments
lo) sartyלֹא סָרְתִּיI have not turned asidefirst person singular qal perfect
ky )àtahכִּי אַתָּהfor you
hvorétanyהוֹרֵתָנִיhave taught mesecond person hiphil perfect with object first person pronoun
màh nimlcvuמַה נִּמְלְצוּmore than sweet are theythird person niphal perfect
lxikyלְחִכִּיto my palate
)imratekaאִמְרָתֶךָyour promise
midbàshמִדְּבַשׁas honey
lpyלְפִיto my mouth
mipiqvudeykaמִפִּקּוּדֶיךָminding your precepts
)etbvonanאֶתְבּוֹנָןI have diligencehithpolel imperfect
`àl kénעַל כֵּןtherefore
sané)tyשָׂנֵאתִיI have hatedfirst person singular qal perfect
kal )oràxכָּל אֹרַחevery path of
shaqrשָׁקֶרa lie

Friday, February 05, 2010

Psalm 119 - Part 12 Grammar

Here's the letter ל so each second line of the translation must begin with L. As usual letters playing a role in enclitics are in green
לְעוֹלָם יְהוָה דְּבָרְךָ
נִצָּב בַּשָּׁמָיִם
יְהוָה (LORD) for ever your word
takes its stand in the heavens
לְדֹר וָדֹר אֱמוּנָתֶךָ
כּוֹנַנְתָּ אֶרֶץ וַתַּעֲמֹד
Living from generation to generation is your faithfulness
you established earth and it stands
לְמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ עָמְדוּ הַיּוֹם
כִּי הַכֹּל עֲבָדֶיךָ
Led by your judgments they stand this day
for they all are your servants
לוּלֵי תוֹרָתְךָ שַׁעֲשֻׁעָי
אָז אָבַדְתִּי בְעָנְיִי
Love, unless your teaching is my delight
then I have perished in my trouble
לְעוֹלָם לֹא אֶשְׁכַּח פִּקּוּדֶיךָ
כִּי בָם חִיִּיתָנִי
Let me never forget your precepts
for in them you have made me live
לְךָ אֲנִי הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי
כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ דָרָשְׁתִּי
Love, to you I belong, save me
for I have sought your precepts
לִי קִוּוּ רְשָׁעִים לְאַבְּדֵנִי
עֵדֹתֶיךָ אֶתְבּוֹנָן
Lying in wait for me to destroy me are the wicked
I will be attentive to your testimonies
לְכָל תִּכְלָה רָאִיתִי קֵץ
רְחָבָה מִצְוָתְךָ מְאֹד
Lo, to all fullness I saw an end
your commandments are wide and great
I have come to look forward to rereading and repointing these psalm sections. Do I identify with the psalm or does reading it give me words for what I have known in the Beloved? Trouble I understand, especially that of my own making or of the accident of my own ignorance. But our own ignorance is not independent of the ignorance, or worse traps, of the lurking wicked who are not just in me, though all my perceptions be there. Hence the need to delight in the teaching of Hashem and the life received thereby - to whom else shall we go? you have the words of eternal life. For the sake of L I invoke the love word of the Song of Solomon. It is not out of place. There is no better place.

What end to fullness does the poet see that makes the poet praise your commandments? Is it possible that the writer's own life is made to stand even as the word persists in faithfulness and the commandment is wide? Is that perhaps related to the revelation of the end?

Details - I wonder if we made a list of all the weird conjugations in this psalm whether we would find most of the hithpalpel and polel verbs in the Biblical Hebrew corpus. (My software doesn't do this but I may do it by hand some day.)

l`volamלְעוֹלָםfor everto the age - L is for Lord of course
dbarkaדְּבָרְךָyour word
nicabנִצָּבtakes its standcompare Proverbs 8:2; niphal only - so not necessarily passive
bàshamayimבַּשָּׁמָיִםin the heavens
ldorלְדֹר[living] from generationI need an L
vadorוָדֹרto generation is
)emvunatekaאֱמוּנָתֶךָyour faithfulness
kvonàntaכּוֹנַנְתָּyou establishedPolel perfect (! who would have known). What's the role of the taf? The root is כון - so we have a doubled nun and a following taf as a final open syllable - showing a second person singular form.
vàtà`amodוַתַּעֲמֹדand it standsthird person feminine singular qal imperfect
lmishpa+eykaלְמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ[led] by your judgmentsI have added 'led' - not repeating a 'lo' as I did elsewhere
`amdvuעָמְדוּthey standthird person plural qal perfect
hàyvomהַיּוֹםthis day
ky hàkolכִּי הַכֹּלfor they all arecopula understood
`abadeykaעֲבָדֶיךָyour servantsin what sense are the 'they' servants? What is the antecedent of 'they'?
lvuléyלוּלֵי[Love] unlessI could have used the archaic Lest but it requires the equally archaic subjunctive, be!
tvoratkaתוֹרָתְךָyour instruction
shà`ashu`ayשַׁעֲשֻׁעָיis my delight
)abàdtyאָבַדְתִּיI have perishedqal perfect first person - could have been rendered modal 'I would have' etc but perfect is readable also
b`anyyבְעָנְיִיin my trouble
l`volamלְעוֹלָםlet me never
lo) )eshkàxלֹא אֶשְׁכַּחforgetthe jussive was convenient
piqvudeykaפִּקּוּדֶיךָyour precepts
ky bamכִּי בָםfor in them
xyytanyחִיִּיתָנִיyou have made me liveNote the dagesh in the yod making this piel
lka )anyלְךָ אֲנִי[love] to you I belong
hvoshy`ényהוֹשִׁיעֵנִיsave mehiphil imperative
piqvudeykaפִקּוּדֶיךָyour precepts
darashtyדָרָשְׁתִּיI have soughtqal perfect
lyלִיfor me
qivuvuקִוּוּlying in waitpiel - that must be a dagesh in the first vav
rsha`ymרְשָׁעִיםthe wicked
l)àbdényלְאַבְּדֵנִיto destroy mepiel infinitive with pronoun object
`édoteykaעֵדֹתֶיךָto your testimonies
)etbvonanאֶתְבּוֹנָןI will be attentivehitpolel - I do see it in Putnam - must be a hollow verb - a bit of vav I did not deal with
lkal tiklahלְכָל תִּכְלָהlo to all perfectionfullness - it looks like a noun formed from the verb by means of an additional consonant prefix - seems to me to be common for mem and taf - see a brief comment on this post from Joel Hoffman
ra)ytyרָאִיתִיI sawqal perfect
qécקֵץan end
micvatkaמִצְוָתְךָyour commandments
me`odמְאֹדgreatadjective or adverb - what does it modify? Wide or commandments?