Saturday, February 06, 2010

Psalm 119 - Part 13 Grammar

מָה אָהַבְתִּי תוֹרָתֶךָ
כָּל הַיּוֹם הִיא שִׂיחָתִי
My - how I love your teaching
every day it is my meditation
מֵאֹיְבַי תְּחַכְּמֵנִי מִצְו‍ֹתֶךָ
כִּי לְעוֹלָם הִיא לִי
Me you make wiser than my enemies by your commandments
for they for ever are mine
מִכָּל מְלַמְּדַי הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי
כִּי עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ שִׂיחָה לִי
Midst all my teachers I have insight
for your testimonies are my meditation
מִזְּקֵנִים אֶתְבּוֹנָן
כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ נָצָרְתִּי
More than the aged I have diligence
for I have observed your precepts
מִכָּל אֹרַח רָע כָּלִאתִי רַגְלָי
לְמַעַן אֶשְׁמֹר דְּבָרֶךָ
Missing every path of evil I have restrained my feet
so that I will keep your word
מִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָ לֹא סָרְתִּי
כִּי אַתָּה הוֹרֵתָנִי
Mid your judgments I have not turned aside
for you have taught me
מַה נִּמְלְצוּ לְחִכִּי
אִמְרָתֶךָ מִדְּבַשׁ לְפִי
More than sweet are they to my palate
your promise as honey to my mouth
מִפִּקּוּדֶיךָ אֶתְבּוֹנָן
עַל כֵּן שָׂנֵאתִי כָּל אֹרַח שָׁקֶר
Minding your precepts I have diligence
therefore I have hated every path of a lie
Can you really believe 'it is my meditation every day'? If you can then you are onto the way that will not disappoint  you. Meditation, diligence and path are noted here particularly. The result is an unspeakable sweetness as noted in the 7th verse of this part.

mah )ahàbtyמָה אָהַבְתִּיMy - how I lovefirst person singular qal perfect
tvoratekaתוֹרָתֶךָyour instruction
kal hàyvomכָּל הַיּוֹםall the day
hy)הִיאit is
syxatyשִׂיחָתִיmy meditation
mé)oybàyמֵאֹיְבַיthan my enemies bymem as comparative, with qal participle
txàkményתְּחַכְּמֵנִיme you make wiser second person singular piel imperfect with first person pronoun as object
micvotekaמִצְו‍ֹתֶךָyour commandments
l`volamלְעוֹלָםin all timeor for ever
hy) lyהִיא לִיthey are mineI think 'with' me is weak
mikal mlàmdàyמִכָּל מְלַמְּדַיMidst all my teachers preposition+adjective + piel participle
hiskàltyהִשְׂכַּלְתִּיI have insightfirst person singular hiphil perfect
`édvoteykaעֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָyour testimonies
syxah lyשִׂיחָה לִיare meditation to memeditation - I am thinking that mem and taf as prefixes and 'he' as suffix can all form nouns from verbs
mizqénymמִזְּקֵנִיםmore than the agedcomparative mem used frequently as expected in this part of the psalm
)etbvonanאֶתְבּוֹנָןI have diligencehithpolel imperfect - repeats in the psalm - I could just use 'understanding' as gloss (cf Proverbs 8)
piqvudeykaפִקּוּדֶיךָyour precepts
nacartyנָצָרְתִּיI have observedfirst person singular qal perfect
mikal )oràxמִכָּל אֹרַחmissing every path of
kali)tyכָּלִאתִיI have restrainedfirst person singular qal perfect
ràglayרַגְלָיmy feet
lmà`ànלְמַעַןso that
)eshmorאֶשְׁמֹרI will keepfirst person singular qal imperfect
dbarekaדְּבָרֶךָyour word
mimishpa+eykaמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָmid your judgments
lo) sartyלֹא סָרְתִּיI have not turned asidefirst person singular qal perfect
ky )àtahכִּי אַתָּהfor you
hvorétanyהוֹרֵתָנִיhave taught mesecond person hiphil perfect with object first person pronoun
màh nimlcvuמַה נִּמְלְצוּmore than sweet are theythird person niphal perfect
lxikyלְחִכִּיto my palate
)imratekaאִמְרָתֶךָyour promise
midbàshמִדְּבַשׁas honey
lpyלְפִיto my mouth
mipiqvudeykaמִפִּקּוּדֶיךָminding your precepts
)etbvonanאֶתְבּוֹנָןI have diligencehithpolel imperfect
`àl kénעַל כֵּןtherefore
sané)tyשָׂנֵאתִיI have hatedfirst person singular qal perfect
kal )oràxכָּל אֹרַחevery path of
shaqrשָׁקֶרa lie

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